Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a new treatment modality used for sports injuries. It stimulates healing due to a higher concentration of growth factors and inflammatory mediators than blood. It can be used to treat tendon and muscle injuries with a success rate of 70-80%. Treatment is reserved for appropriately selected individuals.
First of all 10ml of blood is drawn from the patient and this is centrifuged to separate the platelets from the blood. The platelets are then extracted and injected into the injured part of the body under local anaesthetic with ultrasound guidance. The whole process takes approximately 10mins.
After the procedure routine activities can be resumed but heavy exercise and lifting should be avoided. Simple pain-killers can be used to help with the pain but anti-inflammatory medications should be avoided for 48hrs as they can dampen the effects of the PRP injection.
Risks of the procedure include; infection, nerve or blood vessel injury, scar tissue formation and calcification at the injection site.